This covenant existed between God and the people of Israel – you and I are not (and never have been) parties to this treaty. The Ten Commandments are the basis of the covenant, but they are not the entire covenant. In form, a covenant is an agreement between two people and contains promises from each other to each other. The concept of a covenant between God and His people is one of the central themes of the Bible. In the biblical sense, a covenant involves much more than a contract or a simple agreement between two parties. According to the Hebrew Bible, the covenant of pieces or covenant between the parties (Hebrew: ברית בין הבתרים berith bein hebětarim) was an event in which God revealed Himself to Abraham and made a covenant with him in which God announced to Abraham that his descendants would eventually inherit the Land of Israel. It was the first in a series of covenants between God and the biblical patriarchs. Then there`s this dramatic scene where Abraham cuts a group of animals in half and drops them down to seal his covenant with God. You see, at that time, people weren`t just “making” an alliance.
They “cut” a bunch of things. They cut the animals in half, put them on the ground, and then they make promises to each other. And then they walked on the blood between the animals and said, “Let the same thing that happened to me to these animals be done if I don`t keep my promises, if I ever break this covenant.” It tells them how seriously people have taken the idea of the alliance. 17 When Abram was ninety-nine years old, (A) the Lord (B) appeared to him and said, “I am Almighty God ;(C), go faithful before me, and be blameless. (D) 2 Then I will make my covenant between me and you (E) and I will greatly increase your number. (F) Another part of the covenant included the sanctity of human life, that is, “whoever sheds the blood of man is shed by man his blood; for in the image of God he made man” (Gen 9:6). Every time we see a rainbow today, we remember that agreement – this pact was not abolished. As long as God still sends rainbows after a storm, the death penalty will always be part of God`s law for mankind. This article deals with the covenant between God and the Jewish people; a common thread that runs through the early parts of the Bible and is one of the most important pillars of Judaism. Moses then wrote the terms of the covenant, sacrificed to God, and then sprinkled the book and people with blood to seal the covenant (Exo 24:8).
This covenant between God and the people of Israel was temporary—God promised a day when He would make a new covenant, not only with Israel, but with all mankind. “Behold, the days are coming,” said the Lord, “when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah—and not according to the covenant I made with their fathers the day I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt, My covenant that they broke, even though I was a husband to them, said the Lord. But this is the covenant I will make with the house of Israel after these days, says the Lord: I will put My Law in their minds and write it in their hearts; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people” (Jeremiah 31:31-34). In Genesis 9, however, there is a very clear covenant between God and Noah. This covenant comes after God has destroyed the world with water and only eight people are still alive to repopulate the earth. God said to Noah what he expected of him, and then he said, “Behold, I make my covenant with you and your descendants after you” (Genesis 9:9). And then, as part of this covenant, God promises that He will never again destroy the world with water. 17 When the sun had set and darkness had fallen, a pot of steaming fire with a flaming torch (AK) appeared and passed between the pieces.
(AL) 18 On that day, the Lord made a covenant with Abram (AM) and said, “To your descendants, I give this land, (AN) of the Wadi[e] of Egypt (AO) to the great river, the Euphrates (AP) – 19 the land of the Kenites, (AQ) Kenizites, Kadmonites, 20 Hittites, (AR) Periizzites, (AS) Rephaites, (AT) 21 Amorites, Canaanites, Girgashites and Jebusites.” – (AU) Mr. President, Dear colleagues In Genesis 17, this covenant between God and Abraham is sealed by a sign. When God made a covenant with Noah, He sealed it with the sign of a rainbow. When God made a covenant with Israel, He sealed it with the sign of the Sabbath. And when God made a covenant with Abraham, He sealed it with the sign of circumcision. 9 Then God said to Abraham, “As far as you are concerned, you must keep my covenant, (V) you and your descendants after you for generations to come. (W) 10 This is my covenant with you and your descendants after you, the covenant that you must keep: every man among you will be circumcised. (X) 11 You will undergo circumcision, (Y) and it will be the sign of the covenant (Z) between you and you. 12 For generations to come (A.A.), every man among you who is eight days old must be circumcised, including those born in your household or bought with money from a stranger—those who are not your descendants.
13 Whether they were born in your household or bought with your money, they must be circumcised. – (AC) Mr President, ladies and gentlemen, My covenant in your flesh must be an eternal covenant. (AD) 14 Every uncircumcised man who has not been circumcised in the flesh will be cut off from his people; (AF) he broke my alliance. From verse 9, God said to Abraham, “As for you, you will keep my covenant, you and your descendants after you through their generations. It is my covenant that you will keep, between me and you and your descendants after you: every man among you will be circumcised. You will be circumcised in the flesh of your foreskin, and this will be a sign of the covenant between you and me. (Genesis 17:9–11) You will be circumcised in the flesh of your foreskin, and this will be a sign of the covenant between you and me. The “new covenant” is the new agreement God has made with man on the basis of the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ.
The concept of a new covenant arose from Jeremiah`s promise that God would do for His people what the Old Covenant had not done (Jeremiah 31:31–34; Hebrews 11:7–13). Under this new covenant, God would write His law on people`s hearts. Another covenant was between God and King David, in which David and his descendants were established as royal heirs to the throne of the nation of Israel (2 Sam 7:12-13). The word for “covenant” in the Old Testament also provides additional insight into the meaning of this important idea. It comes from a Hebrew root word meaning “to cut.” This explains the strange custom of two people walking through the cut bodies of animals killed after an agreement (cf. Jer 34:18). A ceremony like this in the Old Testament always accompanied the conclusion of a covenant. Sometimes those who made a covenant shared a meal, such as when Laban and Jacob made their covenant (Genesis 31:54). 3 Abram fell face down, (G) and God said to him: 4 As far as I am concerned, this is my covenant with you: (H) You will be the Father of many nations.
(I) 5 Thou shalt no longer be called Abram[b]; Your name will be Abraham, [c](J), for I have made you the Father of many nations. (C) 6 I will make you very fruitful; (L) I will make you nations, and kings will come from you. (M) 7 I will establish my covenant (N) as an eternal covenant (O) between me and you and your descendants after you for generations to come, to be your God (P) and the God of your descendants after you. (F) 8 All the land of Canaan, (R) where you now dwell as a stranger, (S) I will give you and your descendants as eternal possession; (T) and I will be their God. (U) The New Testament clearly distinguishes between the covenants of the Mosaic Law and the covenant of the promise. .